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Diabetes Clinical Topics


Diabetes related clinical and health care information

A Provider's Guide to Communicating with Diabetic and pre-Diabetic Somali Patients
A concise guide from WellShare International about having the conversation of diabetes with Somali patients. Topics include Somali cultural foods and how to adapt them to be healthier, suggested questions to ask patients about their diets, and some cultural and medical information that providers should know. 

"Making Ends Meet" Multicultural Waist Circumference Ribbons:
A health educator's tool for starting a conversation about risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Pre-cut waist ribbons can be used by health educators at public settings such as health fairs, clinics and gyms to help people self-screen for risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Specific waist circumference recommendations for men and women based on ethnic background are available, making this tool useful for multicultural audiences


Diabetes in Cambodian Americans
Information about how diabetes is understood and managed by participants in a diabetes education class at Harborview Medical Center, with additional details about diabetes in Cambodian population.


Cambodian Shop Around Program
Description of a pilot project to promote healthy eating and dietary management of diabetes in Seattle's Cambodian community; includes curriculum, recipes, photos and information about the prevalence of diabetes and other health conditions affecting Cambodian Americans, along with considerations of some historical and environmental factors that may influence Cambodian American diet.


Muslim Religious Observances and Diabetes
Information about fasting practices, and recommendations for providers caring for diabetic patients during times of fasting.  Includes recommendations related to medication management.


Diabetes in the Somali Community: Cultural Information and Recommendations for Diabetes Educators
Information for diabetes educators about diabetes in the Somali refugee community, featuring information about religion, traditional diet and cultural beliefs, recommendations for providers and links to patient education resources.


Diabetes in the Eritrean and Ethiopian Community: Cultural Information and Recommendations for Diabetes Educators
Article addressing some of the unique cultural factors in the Eritrean and Ethiopian immigrant communities of Seattle that impact diabetes self-management.


Process and Practice of Cross Cultural Education for Vietnamese and Ethiopian Diabetes Patients
An article about an effort to develop and translate culturally appropriate educational diabetes materials, and educate a diverse population.


Other Resources

Diabetes and Ramadan Practical Guidelines
The International Diabetes Federation and the Diabetes and Ramadan (DAR) International Alliance have collaborated to deliver a comprehensive guide on ensuring optical care for people with diabetes who are fasting during Ramadan.    Topics include:

  • Epidemiology of Diabetes and Ramadan Fasting
  • Physiology of Ramadan Fasting
  • Risk Stratification of Individuals with Diabetes before Ramadan 
  • Diabetes and Ramadan: A Medico-religious Perspective 
  • Pre-Ramadan Education 
  • Ramadan Nutrition Plan (RNP) for Patients with Diabetes 
  • Management of Diabetes during Ramadan 
  • Identifying and Overcoming Barriers to Guideline Implementation
  • Summary of the response of Egypt’s Mofty to diabetes and Ramadan risk categories religious ruling (Arabic and English) 

Journal Article: "Famine Exposure in the Young and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood".  Published online before print May 29, 2012, doi: 10.2337/db11-1559.  Diabetes.