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Specific community cultural profiles and subjects related to ethnic groups.

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Ethiopian (The Ethiopian population includes many ethnic and linguistic groups. See also on EthnoMed: Tigrean.)

Other Cultures

Collections of resources and information, mainly external to Ethnomed, on specific groups of refugee and immigrants.

Collections of resources and information, mainly external to Ethnomed, on specific groups of refugee and immigrants.




South Asian

Syrian Refugee Health Profile (Centers for Disease Control - see also the link below to other CDC profiles) 

Cultural Profiles on Related Websites

Cultural profiles on related websites (includes: Arab, Bhutanese, Bosnian, Burmese, Congolese, Iraqi, Laotian, Mien, Samoan, Soviet Jewish, Sudanese, Ukrainian and many more)

Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS)
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS) and the Office of Head Start’s National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness (NCCLR) have partnered to create two cultural backgrounders focused on early childhood: Bhutanese Refugee Families and Refugee Families from Burma. These resources provide general cultural information, while recognizing that every family is unique and that cultural practices will vary by household and by generation.
CDC Refugee Health Profiles

These refugee health profiles provide key health and cultural information for specific refugee groups resettling in the United States. Information is gathered from the World Health Organization (WHO), International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), US Department of State, and other sources to provide information that will help resettlement agencies, clinicians, and public health providers facilitate appropriate medical screening and interventions for refugee groups.

Each profile has six components: priority health conditions; background; population movements; healthcare and diet in camps; medical screening of US-bound refugees; health information.

Country Condition Reports on Torture

The Gulf Coast Jewish Family and Community Services (GCJFCS) has produced reports that provide historical timelines, brief descriptions of common methods of torture, and synopses of current conditions and pertinent issues related to each country featured.  The countries currently with profiles include:  Colombia, Haiti, Cuba, Iraq, Bhutan, Burma, Syria, Dem Rep of Congo.  There are also Refugee Wellness Guides for Burma, Dem Rep of Congo and Somalia which are guides that offer some practical insights for those working with resettled refugees.

Cultural Orientation Resource Center

The COR Center produces culture profiles, and briefer refugee backgrounders, on the people, history, and culture of different refugee groups to help U.S. service providers understand new refugee populations.  

Cultural Profiles include: Refugees from Burma; Meskhetian Turks; Liberians; Muslim Refugees; Hmong; Somali Bantu; Bosnians; Haitians; Iraqis; Iraqi Kurds; Somalis; Afghans; Montagnards; Cubans). 

Refugee Backgrounders include: Refugees from Syria; Refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Refugees from Darfur;Refugees from Iraq; Eritreans in Shimelba Refugee Camp; Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal; The Kunama; The 1972 Burundians; The Banyamulenge Tutsi

Cultural Diversity - A Guide for Health Professionals

The guide was developed for Queensland Health on the basis of research conducted by the Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, The University of Queensland, from November 1997 to April 1998.  It presents health and socio-cultural information on multicultural communities (including torture and trauma and issues for children, young people and women). It encourages health staff to actively explore cultural issues with patients and cautions against stereotyping. (Muslims from West Asia, Bosnian Muslims, Philippines, Cambodians, Samoans, Tongans, Chinese, Serbians, Croatians, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Greeks, Vietnamese, Hmong, Italians,& Latin Americans)

Ethno Med: Ethnic Specific Geriatric Care in the United States

Stanford School of Medicine has developed an Ethnogeriatric Curriculum for 13 ethnicities (African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian Indian American, Chinese American, Filipino American, Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino American, Hmong American, Japanese American, Korean American, Pakistani American, and Vietnamese American) to better prepare health professionals in providing culturally-competent care.  Intended to be used as a teaching curriculum, including culture specific information, case studies, and other tools and resources.

Maya Health Toolkit for Medical Providers

This toolkit identifies the major health care barriers between Maya and medical professionals, and provides resources to bridge gaps in communication. The toolkit includes: an overview of why a toolkit is needed for the Maya; a cultural and historical profile of the Maya that demonstrates how tradition and religious spirituality profoundly influence concepts of health; testimony and case examples that give insight into Maya views of health and the special situations they face in the United States; educational materials in audio and visual formats; comprehensive literature review on Maya health in the United States; and, an introduction to the Maya Interpreters Network. Links to diabetes and prenatal care presentations in four Mayan languages.