Considerations in approaching conversations and counseling for pregnancy loss among refugee and immigrant patients and families. Includes link to case study examples. Developed from stakeholder interviews and literature review.
March 16, 2021 · Article
Case studies intended to promote discussion and reflection on the topic of U.S. healthcare provided during perinatal loss experienced by immigrant and refugee families.
March 16, 2021 · Article
This book uses simple illustrations and basic definitions to describe male and female reproductive anatomy.
August 12, 2016 · PDF
This presentation gives an overview of ritual female genital cutting practices around the world, addresses common misconceptions and provides guidance about how to discuss this issue.
February 27, 2015 · PDF
Example of intake form used to document patient history and exam as related to a history of female circumcision
February 27, 2015 · PDF
A 1hr 18 minute video from a presentation to health care students in Seattle WA. The presentation by Dr. Elinor A. Graham, with Anab Abdullahi, and Dr. Anisa Ibrahim covers the definition of RFGC, historical and cultural misconceptions, medical misconceptions.
February 27, 2015 · Video
This video discusses terminology, prevalence, types of female circumcision, possible complications and other issues that might be encountered when caring for patients in a clinical setting.
December 4, 2014 · Video
Recommendations for OB providers about Somali women's preferences for education and approaches to care during prenatal period and labor/delivery.
September 30, 2014 · PDF
Female Genital Cutting: An Evidence-Based Approach to Clinical Management for the Primary Care Physician
This review discusses the different types of Female Genital Cutting (FGC), important cultural considerations for physicians caring for patients with FGC, common early and late medical complications and their management, and psychosocial issues associated with FGC.
December 17, 2013 · Article
Information about postpartum period sor sai kchey, which alludes to a period of fragile health lasting from one to three months after childbirth during which many traditional postpartum practices are followed.
December 2, 2010 · Article
A 2 page brochure and related poster about the post-partum practice of a "sitting month" among Vietnamese and Chinese patients.
August 14, 2009 · PDF
Please also see our Related Websites page for a selected list of websites related to the populations or topics covered on EthnoMed.
- Addressing the Contraceptive Needs of Refugee Youth and Women
This free online course created by CAI, in partnership with Advocates for Youth (AFY), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), and Oakhurst Medical Centers, aims at building the capacity of healthcare providers to address the contraceptive care needs of refugee women and youth.
- Common Gynecologic Problems in Prepubertal Girls
Article by Naomi F. Sugar, MD and Elinor A. Graham, MD, MPH published in Pediatrics in Review aiming to review normal anatomy and physiology in infants and prepubertal children, emphasizing developmental changes, normal variants, the differential diagnosis for common signs and symptoms, and techniques to perform an adequate and gentle genital examination in a school-age girl. This article may have institutional restricted access. Reference: Pediatrics in Review Vol. 27 No. 6 June 1, 2006 pp. 213 -223 (doi: 10.1542/pir.27-6-213)
- Female Genital Cutting: An Evidence-Based Approach to Clinical Management for the Primary Care Physician
A 2013 review article providing an introduction to the practice of female genital cutting (FGC), the different types, cultural considerations for physicians caring for patients with FGC, and some culturally sensitive approaches to discussions about this topic with girls and women for whom this is an issue.
- Female “Circumcision”
Carol R Horowitz and J Carey Jackson report on their research concerning the conflicts that occur when clinicians provide care to patients whose beliefs and practices differ from their own. They reviewed the practice, cultural significance and medical complications of female circumcision, and offer sensitive clinical guidelines, illustrated by case examples, for caring for currently circumcised women. 1997 article published in J Gen Intern Med.
- Multicultural Health - A Guide for Health Professionals (Australia)
Community Profiles for Health Care Providers is a practical tool that assists health care providers to better understand the health beliefs, pre-migration experiences, communication preferences and other aspects of their clients' culture. The profiles provide information for health care providers on the communication styles, health in Australia, health beliefs and practices, social determinants of health and utilization of health services of 18 multicultural communities. Includes specific resources with focus on the pregnancy, birth and post-natal care practices of 11 communities.
- Optimizing Care of Women & Girls Affect by Female Genital Cutting
A series of 4 video blogs featuring experts on FGC, from the Global Alliance for Nursing and Midwifery (GANM) hosted by the PAHO/WHO Collaborating Center for Nursing Knowledge, Information Management & Sharing at Johns Hopkins.
- The Seattle Compromise: Multicultural Sensitivity and Americanization
Article by Dorian Lambelet Coleman published in the Duke Law Journal, about an effort by a group of Somali immigrants in Seattle seeking to have their daughters symbolically circumcised by a hospital (the procedure would have involved no tissue removal or subsequent scarring, and, according to those concerned, would have prevented the immigrants from seeking to have their daughters cut in the traditional way.)