The founders of EthnoMed looked to the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) and Murdock’s Outline of Cultural Materials as a framework for organizing information on EthnoMed. The following outline is based on Murdock’s Outline of Culture and should be used as a general template for writing cultural profiles for EthnoMed. Major and minor headings can be adjusted based on the depth of the information that is provided.

Country of origin

  • Geography
  • History and Politics
  • Language

Interpersonal Relationships

  • Names, Naming
  • Status, Role, Prestige
  • Greetings
  • Displays of Respect
  • General Etiquette

Marriage, Family, Kinship

  • Marriage
  • Gender Roles
  • Family and Kinship Structure
  • Extended Families


  • Pregnancy
  • Child Birth
  • Post Partum Practices
  • Infancy, Childhood and Socialization
  • Ceremonials During Infancy and Childhood
  • Infant Feeding, Care (including weaning)

Child Rearing Practices

Adolescence, Adulthood, and Old Age

Nutrition and Food

Drinks, Drugs, and Indulgence

Religious Beliefs and Practices


Traditional Medical Practices

Experience with Western Medicine

  • In the Country of Origin
  • In the United States


  • Leadership
  • Councils
  • Inter-Community Related Offenses and Sanctions
  • Seattle Community Life
    • Community Organization
    • Community Resources
    • Neighborhoods
    • Common Acculturation Issues