2024 Diabetes Calendars

NEW! 2024 Calendars with photos and information about healthy eating and diabetes. In Amharic, Arabic, Dari, Khmer, Somali, Spanish, Tigrinya & Vietnamese.

December 23, 2020 · PDF


Senior woman talks with a doctor online

Navigating Telehealth in Limited English Proficiency Populations

The goal of this article is to highlight best practices in Telemedicine as they are emerging during the Covid-19 pandemic and the barriers and facilitators to a successful Telehealth visit with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) patients.

August 3, 2020 · Article, PDF


Refugee Man and Child

Challenges Somali Families Face with Social Distancing

A blog post about unique challenges Somali families face with social distancing and tips to help families stay safe.

May 26, 2020 · Article


Photo of members of the Somali community at an event

Somali Health Survey and Health Disparities

Article about findings from a Somali health survey conducted in 2014 by the Somali Health Board of Seattle.

January 22, 2020 · Article


Somali Bantu Refugees

Resource providing information about Somali Bantu refugees including history and culture, traditional medicine and specific health concerns.

May 1, 2018 · Article


Somali woman holding baby

Discussing Measles and MMR Vaccine with Your Somali Patients

Brief article with background information and recommendations relevant to facilitating conversation with Somali patients about measles and MMR vaccine, including addressing concerns related to misinformation about link between MMR and autism.

April 26, 2018 · Article


Video screenshot

Measles Outbreak: A Somali Health Board presentation

video of a presentation about measles and the outbreak in the SeSomali community in Minnesota, with discussion and education about concern in Somali communities of perceived link between MMR vaccine and autism.

April 5, 2017 · Video


Female nurse taking blood pressure of female patient in a hospital bed

Translated Nurse-to-Patient Communication Pages – Harborview

Pages developed with nurses and interpreters to aid caregivers in communicating basic information to their patients.

October 5, 2016


Somali woman smiling

My Body: Human Reproductive Anatomy

This book uses simple illustrations and basic definitions to describe male and female reproductive anatomy.

August 12, 2016 · PDF


two Somali women reading

Somali Refugee Mental Health Cultural Profile – Literature Update

In 2016, the Epidemiology and Research Literature Summary section of EthnoMed's Somali Refugee Mental Health Cultural Profile was updated with new information based on a review of research articles published 2004-2015. These updates are presented here.

July 21, 2016 · Article


Somali baby wearing hijab

Somali Attitudes, Beliefs and Practices Regarding Vaccination

In 2011 Public Health Seattle King County held focus groups with local Somali community leaders to learn about their attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding vaccination.

July 14, 2016 · Article


Diabetes in the Somali Community: Recommendations for Educators

Information for diabetes educators about diabetes in the Somali refugee community, featuring information about religion, traditional diet and cultural beliefs, recommendations for providers and links to patient education resources.

December 18, 2015 · Article


Somali breast cancer consulting.

Provider Guide for Somali Slideshow “What are Mammograms and Breast Cancer?”

This guide gives background and guidance for providers using the Somali narrated slideshow "What are Mammograms and Breast Cancer?”

November 10, 2015 · Article, PDF, Video


Advance Directives Presentation – Khmer/English

This is a 41 minute video presentation of a discussion led by Dr. Alex Molnar (Harborview Med Center/Univ of WA) with a community group of Cambodian Americans about the subjects of advance directives and end-of-life decision making.

October 2, 2015 · Video


Oromo Community in Seattle

Somali Community Organizations in Seattle

Information about Somali service agencies, community organizations in and around Seattle.

August 10, 2015 · Article


Somali women and their children

Somali Perinatal Preference: A Summary for Providers

Recommendations for OB providers about Somali women's preferences for education and approaches to care during prenatal period and labor/delivery.

September 30, 2014 · PDF


Language expert Mekonnen Gebretsadik and Benji Perin discussing Tigrigna phrases.

Phrases of Courtesy in Nine Languages: A Tool for Medical Providers

Features videos of native speakers saying phrases of courtesy in nine languages. This tool is to help develop rapport in the interpreted health encounter.

August 8, 2013 · Article, Video


African woman with light cream covering her face

Skin Lightening Practices and Mercury Exposure in the Somali Community

Article describinginterviews with Somali women about skin-lightening practices and the products they use and testing those products for mercury.

July 1, 2013 · PDF


4 Somali women at a table

Communicating with Diabetic and pre-Diabetic Somali Patients

A concise guide from WellShare International about having the conversation of diabetes with Somali patients. Topics include Somali cultural foods and how to adapt them to be healthier, suggested questions to ask patients about their diets, and some cultural and medical information that providers should know.

June 21, 2013 · PDF


Indoor swimming pool

Responding to a Request: Gender-Exclusive Swims in a Somali Community

The article describes a creative intervention to improve physical activity among Somali immigrants in Seattle, Washington.

January 1, 2010 · PDF


Somali woman smiling and holding child

Somali Audio Teaching Tool about Tuberculosis and TB Treatment

This audio-based education tool can be used to introduce the topic of TB, prior to even beginning to discuss the need for PPD skin testing or at any step in the TB evaluation process (it can be used after a PPD is determined to be positive, after the x-ray has been performed, before INH has been recommended, or during INH TLTBI to reinforce the rationale for taking treatment for LTBI).

September 3, 2009 · Audio, PDF


Nutrition education in grocery store.

Group Nutrition Education Poster

1 page poster PDF summarizing a WIC group nutrition project for Spanish and Somali families.

August 17, 2009 · PDF


Somali bread on plate

Report on Somali Diet

Information about common dietary beliefs and practices of Somali participants in WIC nutrition education.

August 17, 2009 · Article


Toddler receiving health care from professional.

Failure to Thrive and Oral Aversion in Immigrant Infants and Toddlers

Summary report of a quality improvement project carried out to determine if there were common patterns found in the history and presentation of non-organic failure to thrive among Somali infants and if underlying cultural factors might be influencing this condition.

August 14, 2009 · Article


Somali Baby with blue clothing

“My baby refuses to eat!” Overfeeding of Somali Infants

Article describing a pattern of overfeeding Somali infants leading to conditions such as refusal to eat, oral aversion, failure to thrive; includes recommendations for clinically effective intervention and prevention.

August 14, 2009 · Article


Somali mother breast feeding infant

Somali Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Study: Infant and Young Child Feeding and Health Seeking Practices

The purpose of this study was to enhance an understanding of the contribution of poor child care practices to malnutrition (both acute and chronic) and subsequently provide key recommendations for simple and effective responses.

August 14, 2009 · PDF


Mother learning out to breast feed child

Breast Feeding Support for Somali Mothers

A powerpoint slide show about infant overfeeding in immigrant families, with focus on Somali families.

August 14, 2009 · PDF


Somali Teen with a phone

Somali Mental Health

The challenges facing Somali immigrants and refugees in the Twin Cities are complex and their needs are great. Besides facing enormous cultural and language differences, African immigrants and refugees contend with racism, often have limited literacy skills, and hold jobs where they barely earn minimum wage and have difficulty providing for their families.

August 13, 2009 · Article


Somali boys smiling

Oral Health Beliefs, Traditions and Practices in the Somali Culture

Information about cultural practices and health beliefs impact the oral care of Somalis, and practical implications for providers.

August 8, 2009 · Article


image of woman's profile and hand decorated with henna

Skin Decorations in East African Patients

A short clinical pearl about the use of henna as skin decoration.

August 7, 2009 · Article


Perinatal Profile for Patients from Somalia

Information to help providers become familiar with the cultural values and historical experiences of women from Somalia and their families, as it pertains to obstetrical outcomes and providing culturally appropriate care.

December 8, 2008 · Article


Somali Refugee Mental Health Cultural Profile

Information about depression, anxiety and PTSD within the Somali refugee community; common beliefs and traditional treatment for mental illness in Somalia, and advice for healthcare providers working with Somali refugees.

November 1, 2008 · Article


Sambusa - Somali Food

Hyperlipidemia: Diet, Education & Health Promotion for Somali Refugees

This article discusses the lay and medical terms used for hypertension in Somali language and their influence on patients’ understanding of the disease.

September 1, 2008 · Article


Beautiful Beads

Somali Bantu Literature Review

A literature review that provides information on Somali Bantu history and culture.

May 1, 2008 · Article


Two Somali men having a conversation

Medical Examiner Dialogue: Somali

Information about the cultural and religious norms associated with death and dying among Somalis.

April 1, 2008 · Article


Three Somali women

Somali Funeral Traditions

To be practiced in the US, the traditional Somali funeral may require building awareness among local service providers and authorities about Somali customs.

April 1, 2008 · Article


Somali Depression Profile

Article about Somali culture, relating to mental health and depression.

March 1, 2006 · Article


2 Somali men and their camels

Somali Tuberculosis Cultural Profile

Background & Methods In recognition of the role that culture plays in shaping people’s attitudes towards illness and their compliance […]

February 1, 2006


Somali Food

Nutrition and fasting in Somali Culture

Information about typical Somali foods and fasting traditions, influenced by Sunni Muslim practice.

June 1, 2001 · Article


3 Somali girls looking at a paper

Somali Hepatitis Cultural Profile

A brief overview of Somali cultural understandings of hepatitis.

March 1, 1998 · Article


Dysuria Symptoms in Somali Girls and Women

A short clinical pearl about dysuria in Somali females who have had ritual genital surgery.

October 1, 1997 · Article


eritrean girl


Look more closely the next time that you examine the throat of a patient born in Africa. Is the uvula […]

September 1, 1996 · Article


Sleeping infant

Peripartum and Infant Care Issues and Practices among Refugee Groups in Seattle

Some traditional practices around pregnancy and infant care in Southeast Asian and East African groups in Seattle.

August 1, 1996


Three school children in a classroom in Southeast Asia

Circular Burn Scarring on Asian and African Patients

A short clinical pearl about patterned circular scars on the skin of Asian and African patients.

August 1, 1996 · Article


Somali Asthma Cultural Profile

Asthma is a well recognized disease in Somalia, both in urban and rural environments. One person said asthma is very common there because Somalia is a hot, dry, dusty country and dust causes asthma.

February 1, 1995 · Article