Blood test vials

Learning About Diabetes: What’s My A1C

These patient education handouts provide information about the A1C blood sugar test for diabetes. They are available in Amharic, English, Khmer (Cambodian), Somali, Spanish and Vietnamese (see resources in sidebar).

The handouts were created by Learning About Diabetes, Inc., a non-profit charity providing easy-to-understand diabetes-care information in a number of languages. They were translated by EthnoMed, and shared with permission.

Visit the Learning About Diabetes website for additional languages (Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Creole, Hindi and Russian).

Blood test vials
Photo by Pearl Pirie (cc license)
Diabetes - typed on typwriter

Learning About Diabetes: High Blood Sugar

These patient education handouts provide information about diabetes and high blood sugar. They are available in Amharic, English, Khmer (Cambodian), Somali, Spanish and Vietnamese (see resources in sidebar).

The handouts were created by Learning About Diabetes, Inc., a non-profit charity providing easy-to-understand diabetes-care information in a number of languages. They were translated by EthnoMed, and shared with permission.

Visit the Learning About Diabetes website for additional languages (Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Creole, Hindi and Russian).

Diabetes - typed on typwriter
Photo by Marco Verch (cc license).
Diabete spelled out in scrabble pieces

Learning About Diabetes: Low Blood Sugar

These patient education handouts provide information about diabetes and low blood sugar. They are available in Amharic, English, Khmer (Cambodian), Somali, Spanish and Vietnamese (see resources in sidebar).

The handouts were created by Learning About Diabetes, Inc., a non-profit charity providing easy-to-understand diabetes-care information in a number of languages. They were translated by EthnoMed, and shared with permission.

Visit the Learning About Diabetes website for additional languages (Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Creole, Hindi and Russian).

Diabete spelled out in scrabble pieces
Photo by PracticalCures.com (cc license).
Blood glucose meter and testing strips.

What Does My Blood Glucose Number Mean?

Patient education resource that explains what blood glucose test result numbers mean. PDF handouts are available in Amharic, Arabic, Khmer, Somali, Spanish and Vietnamese. Each handout includes the English version as well.

PDFs available in sidebar.

Blood glucose meter and testing strips. Photo: Sriram Bala (cc license).
Fruits and vegetable

Diabetes: Meal Plan Basics

These materials were developed at Harborview Medical Center (Seattle, WA) for use in a multicultural diabetes class for patients and family members. The materials were translated into a number of languages and each PDF includes both target language and English. Languages include: Amharic, Arabic, Khmer (Cambodian), Oromo, Somali, Spanish, Tigrinya and Vietnamese. The Arabic handout has an audio narration.

PDFs and audio narration are available in sidebar.

Updates to materials were funded by .

Fruits and vegetable
Photo by Penn State (cc license).

Coronavirus image

COVID-19 Information

A collection of local and national online information resources regarding COVID-19, including links to translated materials.

General COVID-19 Information

Public Health — Seattle & King County (PHSKC) Covid-19 Information & Resources

• King County vaccination pop-up schedule April – May 2023

Washington State Department of Health (DOH), Co-existing with Covid-19 (translated in 35 languages)

WA DOH Resources and Recommendations; Multilingual ( scroll to bottom tabs )

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) About Covid-19

U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Multilingual COVID-19 Resources

Johns Hopkins University & Medicine Coronavirus Resource Center

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) Covid-19 Projections

UW Medicine The Huddle Covid-19 Updates

Harvard Health Medicine Covid-19 Fact Sheets (translated in 35 languages)

National Resource Center for Refugees, Immigrants, and Migrants (NRC-RIM) Covid-19 and Vaccine Fact Sheets (translated in multiple languages) and Covid Guide for Newcomers (translated in multiple languages)

Information is constantly evolving. Some information below may change over time. General note about translations: when updates are made to an information resource in English, there can sometimes be a lag in updating another language version of that document or messaging. It may be helpful to compare and consider the dates on each, especially if/when you choose to print information, and check back for updated versions.

Booster Information and Resources

King County Public Health

Local Resources

City of Seattle

COVID-19: Resources for Community
The City of Seattle’s Office of the Mayor provides COVID-19 information and resources and features the latest programs to help those impacted by the pandemic.

Public Health Seattle & King County

Boosters & Testing (32 languages)
How to Care for Yourself and Others (32 languages)

Washington State

Washington State Department of Health (DOH) has provided information about vaccine booster doses, translated into 40 languages.
Say Yes! Covid Test– Free Covid-19 testing kits (can be translated into over 35 languages)

Washington State Novel Coronavirus Call Center Helpline, 6 am – 10 pm Monday, 6 am-6 pm Tuesday-Sunday, and state observed holidays 1-800-525-0127 and press #. Call for information about Covid-19 (not a line to call for testing access or results).

Washington State’s official Covid-19 website. Includes multilingual resources in 30+ languages.

The Discussion Guide for Building Confidence in COVID-19 Vaccines for Immigrants and Refugees (PDF), created by Washington State Department of Health, is a resource for partners serving immigrant/refugee communities to help build COVID-19 vaccine confidence with community members. The resource is an easy to follow discussion guide followed by common concerns, frequently asked questions and example responses. They hope the proposed talking points will help support vaccine conversations and build confidence within communities and/or clients providers may serve.

Fostering COVID-19 Vaccine Confidence in Russian- and Ukrainian-Speaking Communities: A Training for Providers  A free e-course will give healthcare providers the tools to better understand vaccine hesitancy within the Russian- and Ukrainian-speaking population, in addition to fostering vaccine confidence, identifying language and cultural barriers that may impede vaccine hesitancy, and adopting strategies to initiate conversations about the COVID-19 vaccine with Russian- and Ukrainian-speaking patients.  Click here to view a flyer for the course.

Seattle Office of Immigrant and Refugee Affairs

COVID-19: Stay Informed! web page (15 languages) Guidance for people at higher risk for severe COVID-19 illness; Guidance for Everyone; If you have symptoms of COVID-19 or questions, who you can call in King County. In-language webinars (8 languages).

COVID-19 Assistance and Public Charge FAQ for Immigrants – City of Seattle (7 languages) This is a Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) information guide for immigrants who want to know more about how the issue of public charge might affect their ability to access healthcare and other services during this COVID-19 outbreak. The Office of Immigrant and Refugee Affairs will continue updating this site as developments occur.

Food Access

Covid-19 Seattle & King County Emergency Food Resources page on EthnoMed for information about King County Emergency Food Access, SPS Student Meals Pick Up (Translated School Site Information), Food Maps and Food Banks

See also: King County Office of Equity and Social Justice Covid-19 Resource Guide for information about services and programs for:

  • Unemployement, housing, utilities
  • Cash assistance
  • Food assistance
  • Resources for undocumented immigrants
  • Small business loans & disaster assistance
  • King County in-language resources

Community Health Boards

Iraqi/Arab Health Board Facebook videos in Arabic

Somali Health Board Facebook videos and community conversations in Somali

Vietnamese Health Board – Ban Y Tế Cộng Đồng Facebook – videos and information in Vietnamese

Directories of Resources in Multiple Languages

The National Resource Center for Refugees, Immigrants and Migrants (NRC-RIM) has a Get the Facts Campaign offering COVID-19 fact sheets, posters, videos, audio recordings and other resources in English and more than 100 languages free of charge. These materials come from organizations across the country working to communicate effectively with refugee, immigrant and migrant communities.

Covid Information in Indigenous, Endangered, and Under-Resourced Languages from governments, NGOs, and public health organizations. Compiled by Endangered Languages Project. Search by language name or country.

COVID-19 Asian American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Language Resources This community library is a collection of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AA and NHPI) in-language resources on the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). The resource links have been submitted by community members, leaders and national and community-based organizations and provided by The Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum (APIAHF).

From States, Universities & Medical Centers

Materials and Resources for COVID-19 Response
Video PSAs, print materials, and translated documents about vaccines, boosters, testing, masks, and more from Minnesota Department of Health.

COVID-19 Printables From Ontario College of Art and Design University, The COVID-19 Printables are a collection of downloadable, multilingual, adaptable 1-page infographics collaboratively developed with medical professionals to improve access and understanding of COVID-19 information.

Learn More About Coronavirus (13 languages) Series of PDFs from LA County Department of Public Health. Information about Physical Distancing, Hand washing, Cloth Face Coverings, Cleaning in the home and group settings, risk reduction outside the home.

Covid-19 Community Resources (11+ languages) Health information resources from the Oregon Health Authority and other state agencies and partners. OHA provides materials in multiple languages as a part of an equity-centered response to COVID-19.

Trusted Messengers A diverse ensemble of health care professionals works to overcome COVID-vaccine hesitancy in at-risk communities across Minnesota. A Twin Cities PBS video.

Handwashing Poster & Videos

Minnesota Department of Health Wash Your Hands poster in 24 languages:

Minnesota Department of Health videos: How to Wash Your Hands (10 languages) approx. 1 minute and Cleaning Hands with Hand Sanitizer (9 languages) 1 minute

San Francisco Department of Public Health Wash Hands (8 languages ) 2-3 minutes.

CDC YouTube Live Handwashing Presentation (English) 9 minutes (handwashing demo at 2 min 21 sec). Created to provide hygiene education for children in schools for Global Handwashing Day 2016.

Mayo Clinic Are you washing your hands long enough to kill germs? (English) 2 minute 39 seconds. Video made in 2013, demonstrates proper hand hygiene (references flu and other illnesses, not coronavirus specifically).

Ghen Cô Vy| NIOEH x KHẮC HƯNG x MIN x ERIK | WASHING HAND SONG (Vietnamese) 3 minute 5 seconds. Fun pop song video animation from Vietnam demonstrating hand hygiene.

Mask & Vaccine Videos

COVID-19 PSA Video – Vietnamese Health Board
Public service announcement in Vietnamese (with English subtitles) that includes basic tips for helping slow the spread of COVID-19.

Covid-19 Mask Do’s and Don’ts – Minnesota Department of Health Instructions on what to do when buying, wearing, removing and reusing masks. Videos and transcripts in 14 languages.

Stigma & Bias

The Asian Pacific Islander Coalition of Washington STATEMENT ON SURGE OF ANTI-ASIAN RACISM DURING COVID-19

How Foods Affect Blood Sugar: A Guide for Ethiopian & Eritrean Patients with Diabetes

This presentation is intended to be used by clinicians during discussion with patients about carbohydrates and blood glucose. It is culturally tailored to reflect foods commonly consumed by Ethiopian and Eritrean Americans and includes photos of foods, meal comparisons, portion sizes, and some information about managing diabetes during periods of fasting. 

Resources include narrated video presentations (47-50 minutes) and PDF presentations with table of contents (129 slides). Each resource is available in Amharic, Oromo and Tigrinya in the sidebar.

Amharic

Introduction 0:50
Carbohydrates: Introduction 7:10
Carbohydrates: Starches 07:39
Carbohydrates: Fruit 18:26
Carbohydrates: Dairy 19:57
Carbohydrates: Sweets 20:54
Drinks 21:33
Extras 24:05
Foods That Do Not Raise Blood Sugar: 26:16
Proteins 26:46
Fats 27:59
Non-Starchy Vegetables 29:11
Meals 31:43
Fasting 39:00
Fasting: Orthodox Christian 40:27
Fasting: Muslim 42:30
Conclusion 45:29
Additional Resources 45:55

Oromo

Introduction 0:48
Carbohydrates: Introduction 6:51
Carbohydrates: Starches 07:24
Carbohydrates: Fruit 18:02
Carbohydrates: Dairy 19:42
Carbohydrates: Sweets 20:49
Drinks 21:28
Extras 23:52
Foods That Do Not Raise Blood Sugar 26:19
Proteins 26:43
Fats 28:03
Non-Starchy Vegetables 29:12
Meals 31:24
Fasting 39:21
Fasting: Orthodox Christian 40:56
Fasting: Muslim 42:49
Conclusion 45:41
Additional Resources 46:04

Tigrinya

Introduction 0:47
Carbohydrates: Introduction 6:59
Carbohydrates: Starches 07:26
Carbohydrates: Fruit 18:36
Carbohydrates: Dairy 20:32
Carbohydrates: Sweets 21:37
Drinks 22:16
Extras 24:58
Foods That Do Not Raise Blood Sugar 27:39
Proteins 28:07
Fats 29:43
Non-Starchy Vegetables 31:00
Meals 33:54
Fasting 41:58
Fasting: Orthodox Christian 43:29
Fasting: Muslim 45:51
Conclusion 49:06
Additional Resources 49:31

Background

Harborview Medical Center (HMC) physician Dr. Carey Jackson identified a need for a culturally-tailored visual reference tool to use during conversations about diet with diabetic patients. 

Methods

Mei Yook Woo created this tool to fulfill practicum requirements for the University of Washington’s School of Public Health, Nutritional Sciences, and as part of EthnoMed’s student contribution program. Dr. Carey Jackson served as clinical advisor. Rekha Ravindran provided program support. Harborview dietitians Charlotte Neilson and Karen Conger mentored the author during the project. Meetings were held with health care providers who work with Ethiopian/Eritrean patients. Cultural guidance was provided by caseworker/cultural mediator Yodit Wongelemengist.

Acknowledgements

Many thanks to Agelegle Ethiopia restaurant in Seattle for allowing us to photograph many of the foods featured in this slideshow at their wonderful restaurant. Special thanks to these others who supported and contributed to this work: Mohammed Abdul-Kadir (ICHS), Dawn Corl (HMC), Bogale Demse (HMC), Tsehay Haile (HMC), Phalla Kith (HMC), Gammada Sani Abraham (HMC), Tsega Woldetatios (HMC).

Funding for this education was provided by the Pacific Hospital Preservation and Development Authority.

person in rain with a blue umbrella

Emergency Preparedness

Resources and information about emergency preparedness, disaster planning, and other emergency public health alerts.

Emergency and Disaster Preparedness

Seattle-King County Disaster Preparedness Fact Sheets and Flyers
Key fact sheets with tips to help you prepare for and manage a disasters such as floods, power outages, hypothermia, and more. Many topics have additional languages.

Carbon monoxide facts in multiple languages - King County
Particularly relevant to refugee and immigrant populations is the issue of carbon monoxide poisoning when there are power outages. This is a link to carbon monoxide facts in multiple languages.

Lost In Translation - Minnesota Medicine
A short article about a Karen refugee family from Burma, and how a simple lesson about our emergency system might have saved a life.

Prepare Yourself - Seattle Office of Emergency Management
The Seattle Office of Emergency Management has prepared information to learn how to plan for personal and family safety and needs. Infographics are translated into Amharic, Chinese, Khmer, Korean, Laotian, Moldavian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Thai, Tigrinya and Vietnamese.

National Resource Center on Advancing Emergency Preparedness for Culturally Diverse Communities
A site developed by the Drexel University School of Public Health’s Center for Health Equality, with support from the HHS Office of Minority Health, to serve as a central clearinghouse of resources and an information exchange portal to facilitate communication, networking and collaboration to improve preparedness, build resilience and eliminate disparities for culturally diverse communities across all phases of an emergency.

ECHO - Minnesota Department of Public Health
Emergency & Community Health Outreach (ECHO) uses TV, radio, phone, print, web and DVD has resources to bridge the communication gap for immigrants and refugees in Minnesota, and makes resources accessible to others.  They provide resources about emergency preparedness, health and safety and civic engagement in multiple languages.

Fire Safety

Home Fire Safety - Seattle Fire Department
Fact sheets from the Seattle Fire Department with information about Basic Home Fire Safety in a number of languages:  English, Tigrinya, Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Spanish, Chinese, Vietnamese, Burmese, Hmong, Ukranian, Russian, Nepali, Lao, Thai, Cambodian.  

Community Fire Safety Advocates - Seattle Fire Department
Provides fire safety presentations in English, Chinese, Cambodian, Lao, Vietnamese, Thai, Spanish, Oromo, Somali, Amharic and Tigrinya.  Attendees learn:  The real dangers of fire; The most common home fire hazards; How to respond properly to a home fire. Use the form provided to request a Community Fire Safety Advocate presentation or participation in a community event. See also fire safety videos in Amharic, Somali and Tigrinya. 

Champion of Change

Mohamed Ali, a Seattle area Somali refugee with master’s degree in public health, has been honored by the White House as a Champion of Change for his work in the Puget Sound area.  In 2012 a severe winter storm hit the area and many people lost power.  Ali did outreach in his community to warn about the dangers of carbon monoxide poisoning from bringing generators and grills inside. Read the Seattle Times article: Federal Way man to be honored with White House’s Champion of Change award .

person in rain with a blue umbrella
Photo by Chris Yarzab (cc license).

HIV/AIDS in the Ethiopian Community

Posted with permission from Ethio Youth Media TV

Ethio Youth Media TV in partnership with Center Multicultural Health presents “HIV/AIDS Prevention & Awareness” in the Ethiopian community. This is a conversation with Ethio Youth Media host Belen Mesele and Mr. Solomon Berhe, to create awareness and prevent HIV/AIDS in the Ethiopian community. Mr. Solomon is a community HIV/AIDS Advocate in the Seattle and surrounding area for the number of years. The video was sponsored by Center for Multicultural Health of Seattle and published on YouTube Jul 15, 2012:

Summary

In the Ethiopian community HIV is associated with shame and blame (and possibly there are some who associate it with evil spirit). Because of the negative stigma and discrimination associated with the disease, the majority of people in this community rarely share their HIV status. In this interview, Mr. Berhe who is a community HIV advocate, shares his experience about living with HIV. Although he has experienced discrimination in the community in relation to his HIV status, he has not given up on becoming a strong voice to increase HIV awareness. He emphasizes the importance of embracing and improving treatment of people who are HIV positive in the community. Mr. Berhe shares his insight by saying “Stigma and discrimination hinder the prevention, treatment and care of the disease. Therefore, it’s important to tackle the issue of stigma in our community.” He mentions in the video that some people are afraid to be seen with him because others tend to discriminate against them for being with him.

Mr. Berhe was diagnosed with HIV about 20 years ago after experiencing symptoms of a sore on his face, feeling tired and being repeatedly sick. A doctor proposed that he get tested for HIV. Although it was devastating to hear the news, he quickly managed to get all the help he needed such as pharmacological therapy and psychosocial support. He comments in the video that religious leaders should have done much more in teaching to avoid stigma and discrimination. He initially had HIV related lesions on his face. Since he had access to health care and an effective medical treatment, the lesions were able to heal quickly. However in the first years after diagnosis, Mr. Berhe interrupted his medication and faced some problems. But subsequently he become strictly adherent and gained his full health. He stresses the importance of adherence to the medicines. Mr. Berhe encourages people from the community to get screened for HIV and immediately seek help if their test results are positive. 

He contemplated living in hiding like most people who have HIV in the community. However, he made the choice to serve the community by setting an unprecedented example. People are still surprised by how brave he is to come forward and to teach others from his experience of living with the virus. He leads a happy life and shares a strong message that being a carrier of HIV does not stop him from carrying out daily tasks and pursuing his dreams. He mentions in the video that there are people who secretly communicate and disclose their HIV status to him, and ask him to introduce them to potential partners. He has facilitated partnerships and some of these couples have had successful marriage.

Additional Videos

Additional videos with Mr. Berhe with other local health professionals and activists raising awareness on World AIDS Day 2014:  

checking pulse and blood pressure

Information about Hypertension

Information about hypertension, including explanation of symptoms, cause and treatment (with analogy encouraging medication maintenance).

2 page PDF is available in Amharic, English and Tigrinya. See sidebar.

checking pulse and blood pressure
Photo by Fotolia/TNS (cc license).

Get Help With Quitting Smoking

Handout with information about quitlines: what a quitline is and contact information for different language lines. Geared towards cancer survivors, but contains information useful to a general audience.

PDFs are available in Amharic, Khmer (Cambodian), Spanish, Tigrinya and Vietnamese. See sidebar.

Photo by Boby (cc license)