The goal of this article is to highlight best practices in Telemedicine as they are emerging during the Covid-19 pandemic and the barriers and facilitators to a successful Telehealth visit with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) patients.
August 3, 2020 · Article, PDF
This document highlights public health advice during the COVID-19 pandemic for social and religious practices and gatherings during Ramadan that can be applied across different national contexts.
April 20, 2020 · PDF
A short clinical pearl about a complaint of fever, but the patient doesn't have a fever in the doctor's office.
September 16, 2019 · Article
This literature review explores the burden of Hepatitis B Virus in Southeast Asian countries and immigrants in the United States, and explores the existing barriers to testing and treatment, as well as intervention and testing recommendations for providers.
February 7, 2019 · Article
Links to health education materials in Marshallese language and information about Marshallese culture, health and health care.
September 17, 2017 · Article, Video
Evaluation of Tuberculosis Program Services for Burmese Refugees in Thailand Resettling to the United States
Report on an evaluation of tuberculosis services developed following an outbreak of MDR TB among a group of 15,000 displaced Laotian Hmong living in Thailand.
June 1, 2017 · PDF
Pages developed with nurses and interpreters to aid caregivers in communicating basic information to their patients.
October 5, 2016
This backgrounder speaks to experiences of Congolese women and girls prior to resettlement and to provide tips for those supporting Congolese refugee women and girls in the US.
April 29, 2014 · PDF
Project SAHAT, a health survey conducted for the South Asian community living in MN identifies key health issues and the need for culturally specific services to ensure health equity.
March 13, 2014 · Article
Features videos of native speakers saying phrases of courtesy in nine languages. This tool is to help develop rapport in the interpreted health encounter.
August 8, 2013 · Article, Video
An article about the need to consider the prevalence of high lead levels among recently arrived refugees.
August 5, 2010 · Article
Please also see our Related Websites page for a selected list of websites related to the populations or topics covered on EthnoMed.
- American Indian and Alaska Native Health - Medline Plus
Links to health issues that affect Native-Americans on Medline Plus.
- Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS)
BRYCS aims to strengthen the capacity of refugee-serving and mainstream organizations across the U.S. to empower and ensure the successful development of refugee children, youth, and their families. In providing technical assistance and maintaining the nation’s largest online collection of resources related to refugee and immigrant children and families, BRYCS increases public awareness and facilitates knowledge building, information sharing and collaboration among a diverse group of service providers, including child welfare, schools, refugee resettlement agencies, and ethnic and community-based organizations.
- Burma Library
Classified and annotated links to more than 60,000 full text documents on Burma/Myanmar.
- Congolese Refugee Health Profile - CDC
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has produced a Congolese health profile, addressing the population's priority health conditions, background, population movements, healthcare access and conditions in refugee camps, medical screening of U.S.-bound refugees, post-arrival medical screening, and health information.
- Congolese Refugees in the United States Video - COR Center
This 33-minute video includes interviews with refugees and community leaders from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and refugee service providers, speaking about the resettlement experiences of newly-arrived and previously resettled refugees from the DRC. Topics addressed include employment opportunities, experience learning English in the United States, education for children and adults, inter-ethnic co-existence, family adjustment, emotional health, and other matters that affect the refugees’ daily lives
- Country Condition Reports and Refugee Wellness Country Guides - GCJFCS
The Gulf Coast Jewish Family and Community Services (GCJFCS) has produced resources about 18 countries that provide practical insights and everyday applications for resettlement workers and mental health providers working with resettled refugees. The guides offer brief overviews of each country, highlighting current healthcare systems, common perceptions and responses to adverse mental health symptoms, and typical community support networks. The reports provide historical timelines, brief descriptions of common methods of torture, and synopses of current conditions and pertinent issues related to each country featured (each report has an updated timeline as of August 2015).
- Cultural Diversity - A Guide for Health Professionals
The guide was developed for Queensland Health on the basis of research conducted by the Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, The University of Queensland, from November 1997 to April 1998. It presents health and socio-cultural information on multicultural communities (including torture and trauma and issues for children, young people and women). It encourages health staff to actively explore cultural issues with patients and cautions against stereotyping. (Muslims from West Asia, Bosnian Muslims, Philippines, Cambodians, Samoans, Tongans, Chinese, Serbians, Croatians, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Greeks, Vietnamese, Hmong, Italians, Latin Americans).
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - Country Conditions Report
This report provides historical timelines, brief descriptions of common methods of torture, and synopses of current conditions and pertinent issues related to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (has an updated timeline as of August 2015).
- For Congolese Refugees: An Introduction to Healthcare in the U.S.
A video series from the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) for Congolese refugees are narrated in Kiswahili. "Introduction to Healthcare in the U.S." explains the role of healthcare providers, preventive care, and health insurance. "
- Free Burma Rangers - Free the Oppressed
The Free Burma Rangers (FBR) is a multi-ethnic humanitarian service movement working to bring help, hope and love to people in the conflict zones of Burma, Iraq, and Sudan.
- Genocide Studies Program - Yale University
ounded in January 1998 to expand the work begun in 1994 by Yale University’s Cambodian Genocide Program, the Genocide Studies Program at Yale’s MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies conducts research, seminars and conferences on comparative, interdisciplinary, and policy issues relating to the phenomenon of genocide, and has provided training to researchers from afflicted regions, including Cambodia, Rwanda, and East Timor.
- Gulf Coast Jewish Family and Community Services
This organization in Florida develops and provides comprehensive care for refugees, asylees, asylum seekers and survivors of torture and genocide by partnering with numerous organizations including major refugee resettlement agencies.
- Health Information in Marshallese (Ebon): MedlinePlus
Trusted health Information in Marshallese (Ebon) from the National Library of Medicine's consumer health information website
- International Rescue Committee (IRC)
The International Rescue Committee responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover and gain control of their future.
- Maya Health Toolkit for Medical Providers
This toolkit from BRYCS identifies the major health care barriers between Maya and medical professionals, and provides resources to bridge gaps in communication.
- Mediating Discrimination: Resisting Oppression among African-American Muslim Women on JSTOR
Using qualitative data from interviews with twenty African-American Muslim women, this analysis contrasts the understanding of experiencing discrimination gained from Feagin and Sikes' Living with Racism (1994) with that gained from Patricia Hill Collins' Black Feminist Thought (1991).
- Multicultural Health - A Guide for Health Professionals (Australia)
Community Profiles for Health Care Providers is a practical tool that assists health care providers to better understand the health beliefs, pre-migration experiences, communication preferences and other aspects of their clients' culture. The profiles provide information for health care providers on the communication styles, health in Australia, health beliefs and practices, social determinants of health and utilization of health services of 18 multicultural communities. Includes specific resources with focus on the pregnancy, birth and post-natal care practices of 11 communities.
- Multicultural health - multicultural communities
Community profiles which describe the health beliefs and health status of Queensland's culturally and linguistically diverse communities.
- Project SAHAT - Minnesota South Asian Health Assessment Tool Report
This report presents findings from the Minnesota South Asian Health Assessment Tool(SAHAT) survey, including recommendations for policy, research, and practice to address health disparities as well as approaches to integrate the health needs and culture of South Asians into the mainstream health care system.
- Refugee Backgrounders - Cultural Orientation Resource (COR) Center
The Cultural Orientation Resource Center has produced numerous publications providing key information about various refugee populations. These Refugee Backgrounders and Culture Profiles include a population’s history, culture, religion, language, education, and resettlement needs, and brief demographic information.
- Refugee Health Profiles - CDC
This information is provided to help clinicians, public health providers, and resettlement agencies facilitate medical screening, and determine appropriate interventions and services for individuals of a specific refugee group. Each profile is a comprehensive resource describing the demographic, cultural, and health characteristics of specific population. The information in these profiles is intended to equip clinicians and others with the knowledge necessary to better serve refugees. This knowledge will allow providers to approach a refugee with an improved understanding of where they come from, the circumstances of their displacement, living conditions during asylum, and health conditions for which they may be at increased risk.
- Refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo - COR Center
This backgrounder provides basic information about Congolese refugee arrivals. It addresses the causes of the refugee crisis, life in the DRC and countries of asylum, the background characteristics of the refugees, and Congolese resettlement experiences in the United States, as well as strengths incoming Congolese refugees bring and issues that may present particular challenges for them.
- Refugees' perspectives on barriers to communication about trauma histories in primary care
Journal article (2012) from "Mental Health in Family Medicine" that explores refugees' perspectives regarding the nature of communication barriers that impede the exploration of trauma histories in primary care.
- Reports and resources - International Rescue Committee (IRC)
The report documents the experience of adapting and implementing this play-based home visiting intervention in a crisis setting and shares stories of community workers and caregivers participating in the program in Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.
- Resettlement Support Center for Africa
The Resettlement Support Center (RSC) Africa is responsible for the processing of refugees throughout Sub-Saharan Africa for possible admission to the United States. An increasing percentage of the RSC Africa caseload is comprised of refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a diverse country with some 250 ethnic groups and 700 languages
- SEWA AIFW (Asian Indian Family Wellness)
Organization committed to bringing total family wellness to the South Asian Indian community. According to the 2010 Census, the South Asian population is the second largest Asian Immigrant group in Minnesota, 38,000+. SEWA serves the vulnerable and underserved populations from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Trinidad, Guyana, and the Caribbean diaspora.
- Stanford Ethno Med: Ethnic-Specific Geriatric Care in the United States
Stanford School of Medicine has developed an Ethnogeriatric Curriculum for 13 ethnicities to better prepare health professionals in providing culturally-competent care. Intended to be used as a teaching curriculum, including culture specific information, case studies, and other tools and resources.
- Syrian Refugee Health Profile - CDC
This CDC refugee health profile provides key health and cultural information about Syrian refugee groups resettling in the United States. Information is gathered from the World Health Organization, the International Organization for Migration, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and many other sources.
- The Health of the Newest Americans: How US Public Health Systems Can Support Syrian Refugees
Article published in the American Journal of Public Health in December 2015.
- Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick
This acclaimed documentary series broadcast by PBS is now used by thousands of organizations around the country to tackle the root causes of our alarming socio-economic and racial inequities in health. Episode 6, Collateral Damage, asks the question "How do Marshall Islanders pay for globalization and U.S. military policy with their health?"